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Die Entwicklung der Karmapa-Darstellung der Karma Kagyü-Schule des Tibetischen Buddhismus

Haderer, Elisabeth (2007) Die Entwicklung der Karmapa-Darstellung der Karma Kagyü-Schule des Tibetischen Buddhismus.
Dissertation, University of Vienna. Historisch-Kulturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
BetreuerIn: Ebert, Jorinde

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URN: urn:nbn:at:at-ubw:1-29412.52575.511855-6
URN: urn:nbn:at:at-ubw:1-29412.52575.511855-6

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Abstract in German

Diese Dissertation soll einen Einblick in die Kunst der (Karma-) Kagyü-Schule des tibetischen Buddhismus geben. Im Mittelpunkt stehen die verschiedenen Darstellungsweisen der Sechzehn Karmapas (tib. karma pa) und ihre unterschiedlichen ikonografischen Erscheinungsformen.

Schlagwörter in Deutsch

Buddhismus / Tibet / buddhistische Kunst / tibetische Malerei / Thangkas / Karmapas / Kagyü-Schule

Abstract in English

This dissertation deals with the development of Karmapa-representation from the 13th to the 21st century in Tibet and the West. Gyalwa Karmapa (tib. Karma-pa) is considered to be the first consciously reborn lama of Tibet who has been predictetd by the historical Buddha Shakyamuni. Since the first incarnation of the Karmapa, Dusum Khyenpa (tib. dus gsum mkhyen pa) (1110-1193), became the spiritual leader of the Karma Kagu school of Tibetan Vajrayana-buddhism in the 12th century, he and all his following fifteen incarnations have been depicted on painted scrolls (tib. thangkas), on wall paintings and in form of bronzes from this time on. Due to their reputation as realized meditation masters the Karmapa were known also in Mongolia and China. Some of them became the teachers of the Chinese emporers from the 13th to the 15th century. For that reason some early Karmapa-representations from China and Central Asia which were commissioned at this time show the first five Karmapas (see fig. 2, 5, 6). In Tibet the first Karmapa-representations date back the 13th/14th century (see fig. 3, 4) depicting the first three Karmapas, Dusum Khynepa (1110-1193), Karma Pakshi (tib. karma pakshi) (1204-1283) und Rangjung Dorje (tib. rang 'byung rdo rje) (1284-1339). In Tibetan art, the Karmapas can be identified by the black hat each of them is wearing on his head. The so called Black Crown is an expression of Karmapa’s spiritual realization and it became the trademark of all the Karmapas. In addition, each Karmapa is depicted with distinctive iconographical features such as a different position of hands (skt. mudrā; tib. phyag rgya), individual physical features and various attributs they are holding in their hands which have deep spiritual and symbolic meaning. (see Vol. 2, appendix 2) As a main source for the iconographical and physical features of the Karmapas Tibetan artists of all times used the biographical accounts (tib. rnam thar) of the Karmapas.

Item Type: Hochschulschrift (Dissertation)
Author: Haderer, Elisabeth
Title: Die Entwicklung der Karmapa-Darstellung der Karma Kagyü-Schule des Tibetischen Buddhismus
Subtitle: Thangkas, Wandmalereien und Bronzen der tibetischen Kunsttradition vom 13. bis zum 21. Jahrhundert
Umfangsangabe: Bd.1: VI, 150 S. ; Bd.2: XIV, 148 S.
Institution: University of Vienna
Faculty: Historisch-Kulturwissenschaftliche Fakultät
Publication year: 2007
Language: ger ... Deutsch
Supervisor: Ebert, Jorinde
Assessor: Ebert, Jorinde
2. Assessor: Goepper, Roger
Classification: 20 Kunstwissenschaften > 20.41 Asiatische Kunst
AC Number: AC05035671
Item ID: 267
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